Whenever a new Limited Liability Company is set up, several legal agreements and licenses have to be created. These documents ensure that your LLC has been registered properly under the state government and that the business has met all the legal and judicial terms. An Operating Agreement is one such legal document that LLCs need to have. So here is all about an LLC operating agreement.
On this page, you’ll learn about the following:
- What is an LLC Operating Agreement?
- What an Operating Agreement Should Contain
- Why Do I Need an Operating Agreement?
- What to Do After Completing the Operating Agreement?
What is an LLC Operating Agreement?
An operating agreement is a legal record that has all the details of the LLC and its members. Basically, an operating agreement has information from formation to dissolution. Besides, this document structures the financial functionality of the LLC. Some states may not have the mandatory rule to have an Operating Agreement, but it is necessary to have such a document when you run your business.
Amongst all the documents that have to be drawn out, it is the Operating Agreement, which should be taken care of right after you are done with registering the business name and choosing the registered LLC agent. The Operating Agreements consist of various clauses and other detailed points which will describe the business in-depth. These documents will also explain the relationships between the members and the managers appointed in the business.
How Does an Operating Agreement Work?
As mentioned, an operating agreement is a document that records everything about an LLC from top to toe. This document needs to be filed just after you register your LLC with the state. As the agreement has all the financial and structural functionality of the LLC, it certainly protects the LLC and its members when needed.
As said earlier, some states do not have any legal rules to file the operating agreement. In that case, the LLCs have to follow the rules set by the State. For example, if the State requires equal division of profit among the members, irrespective of the capital share, LLCs have to follow this rule. An Operating Agreement makes things easier, transparent, and clear.
What an Operating Agreement Should Contain
The exact content of the Operating Agreement will be decided by the business members only. However, every agreement should have six different sections, which will indicate all the functional and managerial aspects of the LLC business. For better convenience, you can hire a professional, like NorthWest Registered Agent, that provides a free Operating Agreement template to understand it better.
Rest assured, your company agreement should have the following six departments at any cost.
Article I: Organization
The first article will talk about your LLC business itself. This section will contain all the basic information units which form the overall skeletal of the company. For starters, the date of formation and the founder information should be mentioned in this Article section. Following this, the list of the member names should be there, the percentage of ownership for a multiple-member LLC, and other such details.
Article II: Management and Voting
In the management and voting section, everything related to the company management and the voting procedures will be discussed. The following points are mentioned clearly in this section:
- Who is going to manage the business- the LLC can be managed by one or more members or by managers that members appointed. The authority who will be overseeing the company’s affairs will be mentioned clearly to avoid future conflicts of interest.
- How the voting should be carried out- here, everything related to the voting will be discussed, like the number of votes per member or per unit percentage of ownership and how many votes will be required for bringing the reform into motion within the company.
Article III: Capital Contributions
Every LLC business needs initial capital contributions to the startup. It is in this section that the capital investment details need to be mentioned, starting from the capital amount deposited, the member/members who have contributed to the capital deposit, and others. Apart from this, Article III will also describe how the members are going to make money in the future for company growth.
Article IV: Distributions
For a multi-member company, this article needs to discuss the percentage of ownership that will affect the shares, profits, and asset distribution. This means, that Article IV will describe how much profits each member will get, in what ratio the business assets must be divided, and others.
Article V: Membership Changes
In this section, everything related to the membership will be discussed. Clauses related to the addition, removal, or transference of a member or two have to be mentioned in this section. Apart from this, the terms and requirements for the membership changes will also be mentioned so that no conflict can arise in the future.
Article VI: Dissolution
The last section that will remain the same in all the Operating Agreements is about the dissolution. If the LLC has to be dissolved in the near future, this section will state the circumstances under which the dissolution decision needs to be taken, the pre-requisites for the dissolution, and others. Article VI is actually said to be the “winding up” part of the document, where the end course of the LLC is specified in case the company fails to achieve its goals.
Other Topics Discussed in the Agreement
Apart from the points to be discussed in the six articles of all the Operating Management, some other topics can also be included which will discuss the requirements of the business including the meeting schedules, the annual reports, and so on.
Why Do I Need an Operating Agreement?
Not all states require the business owner to provide the official Operating Agreement. Rather, it is only in the states of Missouri, California, Maine, Delaware, New York, and Nebraska that the LLC needs to provide the agreement at the time of registering the company.
However, there are reasons that back up this mandatory need, which every LLC owner must know.
- The Operating Agreement covers every detail about how the company is going to work in the future, the interactions between the members and the managers, and other facts.
- The default rules and other statements are mentioned in the custom Operating Agreement that will be drawn before the registration of the LLC.
- Every single detail about the capital contribution, the members involved in the contribution, and the management process of the future investments will be mentioned in the agreement.
- The Operating Agreement outlines the dissolution rules, membership change rules, and other minute details and principles on which the LLC structure is formed.
What to Do After Completing the Operating Agreement?
Once the LLC Operating Agreement is set up, you will have to follow the rest of the processes required for successfully setting up the business and running it in the concerned state. You can hire professional consultants like Tailor Brands, who will guide you in the LLC formation process once the agreement is being set up and filed.
Steps to Take After Forming an Operating Agreement
Time needed: 5 minutes.
- Get the EIN
Once the agreement’s filing is successful you must get the EIN number. This unique nine-digit number will allow all the LLC businesses to make proper transactions, hire the employees, and pay the income taxes, and pension taxes, and other functions. The EIN number filing needs to be done with the IRS department of the concerned state.
- Open a business bank account.
Your business will need the bank accounts from where you and other members will be able to make all the transactions, be it transference of money, processing the payrolls of the employees, taking a loan for the business, and so on. You need to submit the Operating Agreement, the name registration certificate, the EIN number, and a nominal fee for opening the business bank accounts.
- Register the LLC for state taxes
After this, you need to register your LLC business with the IRS to understand more about the tax requirements. If your LLC is involved in hiring employees, you need to register for the unemployment pension tax. Meanwhile, if the LLC is dependent on selling services, you need to look further into the sales and income taxes registration process.
- Get all the needed licenses and permits.
You need to get all the licenses and permits related to the LLC business so that you can easily avoid legal and judicial conflicts later on. Also, with the licenses at the right place, you can avoid legal lawsuits filed by someone else.
- Have the business insurance ready
You also need to ensure that the liability insurance papers are ready to be filed by the time you will be done with the previous steps. This type of insurance will prevent your company from falling to the depths of bankruptcy, losses, and others.
How to Write an Operating Agreement
An operating agreement includes all the details of the members of an LLC, their roles and responsibilities, terms of leaving as well as dissolution of the business.
If you’re starting a new business, you may be wondering “How to Write an Operating Agreement?” The first thing you’ll need to consider is the type of entity that your business is. An LLC or S-Corp is a good example of a type of business. A business’ operating agreement will be the first contract that members sign after setting up the entity. This agreement will specify the rights and responsibilities of each member, and it will help to avoid any disagreements down the road.
If you’re planning to create a larger LLC, you’ll need a more elaborate operating agreement. In this case, you may want to hire a lawyer to help you. A good attorney can suggest changes to the default provisions of LLC laws. In the meantime, you can draft your own operating agreement, or customize a standard template. In any case, the document should be legible for all owners, and it should be written in Times New Roman 12 point font. Adding a table of contents will help you find information more quickly.
You should also include the names of all members, their capital contributions, and their ownership interests. The operating agreement should also include a section about the business’s members. Generally, members have equal shares in the business. The members’ ownership percentages will determine the amount of ownership that each person holds. Once this is established, you can start hiring employees or opening a business bank account. Remember to review your operating agreement as often as you can, so it will be as accurate as possible.
The operating agreement is the contract that governs the structure of your LLC. It is a legal document that spells out who is responsible for what. The LLC’s ownership structure is determined by the operating agreement, which specifies how profits and losses will be split between owners. For example, if one member is willing to take a majority of the profits, this can be worked out in the operating agreement. A good operating agreement will also set forth the rules for the company’s management and operations.
The operating agreement must also include terms that outline how members can join or leave the company. The operating agreement should also describe the rules that govern the LLC’s dissolution. When the members decide to dissolve their LLC, it’s important to clarify the dissolution terms, which assign responsibilities to each member. If members are not able to agree, they can end up dividing the business, leaving a large portion of the assets to the remaining members.
Once the members have agreed on the structure of the LLC, they need to sign it. It is important to understand each member’s role within the LLC, as well as their skills and qualifications. A good operating agreement also outlines who has what rights and powers and how they can be resolved in a dispute. Every LLC should expect to have a few members who leave or join the company and this can be addressed through the operating agreement.
The cost of the Operating Agreement will depend on the state from where you will be filing the document. But, you can get an approximated amount by using the operating agreement tool.
Bylaw and Operating Agreement are the same since both of these documents describe everything about the internal operations. But, the Bylaws are drafted for a corporation, whereas the Operating Agreement describes the LLC.
Without the agreement, the LLC company will be creating roadblocks between the management, ownership, and accounting pillars. Not all the members will agree at one point without the agreement. Also, you wouldn’t be able to file for the EIN, and hence, your corporate veil will dwindle.
An operating Agreement is needed while forming an LLC but it is not mandatory in all states. However, it is recommended to have an operating agreement when you start your LLC. Because operating agreements are the documents that record every detail of your business. You can get the operating agreement drafts from the LLC formation services at a reasonable price.