Alabama LLC Certificate of Formation – How to Register


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If you are forming an LLC in Alabama, then this page’s content would be vital. As you learn how to start an LLC, you will realize that the bulk of your initial work and cost comprises filing an Alabama certificate of formation, which we will elaborate on this page. 

What is a Certificate of Formation?

A Certificate of Formation, also known as an LLC certificate or Articles of Organization in some states, is a document filed with the secretary of state to form an LLC.

Each state has a different requirement to fill out a form. A Certificate of Formation usually includes the following:

  • The name of the LLC,
  • the effective date of the LLC,
  • the company’s principal office,
  • the business purpose,
  • the duration of the business, 
  • a copy of the LLC’s name registration certificate, and
  • the name and address of the registered agent, organizers, and
  • at least one member of the company.

You can file a Certificate of Formation online, by mail, or in person.

Note that the certification of formation is a legal requirement, not to mention, the core of your LLC formation. It even makes up the bulk of your LLC cost. Without it, you have no LLC. So, take the time to complete and file this certificate.

How to File an Alabama Certificate of Formation

These are the simple steps to follow in filing a Certificate of Formation in Alabama.

Step 1: Find Forms Online

Go to the Alabama Secretary of State to download the certificate of formation form for your LLC or to log into the online service.

Step 2: Fill Out Form

When filling out the form,  you must have reserved an LLC name. Do a name search. Go to Alabama LLC Name Search to check whether your chosen business name is available to use in this state.

You must attach a copy of your Name Reservation to your filled-out Certificate of Formation form when filing. You also need to nominate a registered agent. Here are 3 of the best LLC services on our list.

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Step 3: File Formation Certificates

File your formation certificate either online or by mail by filling out a form and sending it to the Secretary of State Business Services, P.O. Box 5616, Montgomery, Alabama 36103-5616.

File Alabama Certificate of Formation Online

Time needed: 5 minutes.

Forming an LLC is a very easy aspect if you go with the proper rules and steps. Filing the certificate of formation is possible through two methods: online or by mail. You can go with either of them and the formation process will be legit. But the method that is used the most is online filing. Let’s check out the step to step guide:

  1. Visit the official website of the Alabama Secretary of State

    The very first thing you have to do is get to the official website for this aspect. You need to click on “Services” then a drop-down menu will appear. Click on business entities and then online services. You will get to the page of the secretary of state online services.LLC in Alabama Step 1

  2. Now click on the domestic business filing

    You need to file for the formation of a domestic LLC, so you need to click on the option of domestic business filing.
    LLC in Alabama Step 2

  3. Click on the domestic formation

    Once you have clicked on the “Domestic business filing” you will get to another page. This menu has two options, they are domestic formation and domestic dissolution. You have to select the option of “Domestic Formation” from both of them.
    LLC in Alabama Step 2-1

  4. Scroll down and continue to the application

    When you click on the domestic formation, you will get to the page which has an application to the formation of the LLC. If you are a subscriber you can directly get to that option. But if you are not, you need to click on the option of “Continue to application.”
    LLC in Alabama Step 3

  5. Add the contact information

    After performing all the above-mentioned steps, you have to provide your contact information in the blanks. The email address you are providing is the one that will get the approval mail of LLC. The contact information or the address you provide will be kept private so be sure to provide the correct one. The address doesn’t have to be the location of the LLC as it can be any address.
    LLC in Alabama Step 4

  6. Name reservation

    Once you fill in the contact information and the address, you can press continue. Once you do that, you will see two options, you have to fill in the name of the LLC that you have decided in the “New name reservation” column. Then, press continue.
    LLC in Alabama Step 5

  7. Mention the entity type

    Then you have to mention the type of reservation. You have two options here, and you have to select the “Domestic” one to start an entity in Alabama. After that, you have to select the type of entity. Just select the option, add the legal name and then press continue.
    LLC in Alabama Step 6

  8. Register Formation Data

    You will see two options, the options can be “Name reservation only” or “Register Formation Data”. You need to click on the Register Formation Data and press continue.
    LLC in Alabama Step 7

Filing Alabama Certificate of Formation by Mail 

If you prefer to send the form by mail, then it’s possible to do that too. Just follow the instructions below. 

  • You have to download the certificate of formation
  • Fill out the form completely.  
  • You need to accomplish two copies of the certificate of formation.
  • Attach the LLC name reservation certificate to the two forms in a self-addressed stamped envelope. 
  • Send all documents to the Secretary of State, Business Services, PO Box 5616, Montgomery, Alabama 36103-5616. 

Cost of Filing an Alabama Formation Certificate

The filing of the formation certificate makes up the majority of the cost of forming an Alabama LLC. Filing online is strongly recommended as it is much more convenient, and you do not have to wait in line for your LLC to be approved.

  • Online filing costs $208
  • By-mail filing costs $200.

Where Can You Find Your Alabama Certificate of Formation

Certificate of Formation for Alabama LLC can be accessed through the Alabama Secretary of State website. You can also download the PDF from the same website.

Creating a Limited Liability Company (LLC) in Alabama is a fairly simple process. First, you must select a name. You can do this by filing a name reservation. You can do this online or by mail. If you choose to file online, you will save time and avoid waiting in line for approval.

You will also need to select a registered agent. This person will take care of important legal and tax documents for the LLC. The registered agent can be an individual or a legal entity. They can also be a business entity, but must be authorized to do business in Alabama. The registered agent’s address must be in Alabama. The registered agent is the person who will be the company’s liaison with the state. The registered agent also accepts tax documents on behalf of the LLC.

You will need to pay a filing fee to the Alabama Secretary of State. This filing fee can be paid by credit card, check or money order. You can also file online for a fee of $8. If you choose to file online, you’ll be able to download a copy of your LLC approval immediately.

You will also need to prepare your “Incorporator Statement” and keep it on file. The information required in your “Incorporator Statement” will help you verify that you are eligible to form a corporation in Alabama. You may also want to include a copy of your professional license.

You will also need to prepare an operating agreement. This contract is a contract between the LLC members and establishes the rules for business operations. You must also file an annual report. If you fail to file your annual report, you can accidentally fall out of compliance with Alabama law. The state requires that you file your annual report at least once a year, but you can delay it by up to 90 days. You can also make use of the Managed Annual Report Service, which tracks and automatically files your annual report. This service costs $119 a year.

The most important document in the process of forming an LLC in Alabama is the Certificate of Formation. The Certificate of Formation is also referred to as the Articles of Organization in some states. The Certificate of Formation must contain information about the LLC’s registered agent, members, manager, officers, and directors. This information is important to ensure that your LLC is formed correctly. If the information is not correct, the Certificate of Formation will be rejected.

The Alabama Certificate of Formation must be filed with the Alabama Secretary of State. The Certificate of Formation is also referred as the LLC certificate. When you file, you’ll need to submit two copies to the Judge of Probate in your home county. The judge will then submit the documents to the Secretary of State’s office. The Secretary of State will then stamp and return a copy of the Certificate of Formation. If you file by mail, you’ll need to mail the certificate and the payment to the Secretary of State.

F.A.Qs

What is a Certificate of Formation?

A Certificate of Formation is a legal document that will officially make your LLC into existence. This document is needed specifically for Alabama in forming an LLC business structure.

What information does a Certificate of Formation application need?

The application form for the Certificate of Formation needs to include the LLC name, date of establishment, the company’s registered office, business purpose, how long the business will exist, and a copy of the LLC’s name registration certificate.

What is the recommended method of filing a Certificate of Formation, online or by mail?

Filing by mail or in person is neither highly recommended nor required; waiting an extra week for your LLC to be approved isn’t that bad. The LLC approval you send in will be returned by mail. Online filing, meanwhile, is more convenient as you won’t have to stay in a queue.

In Conclusion

Articles of Organization or Certificate of Formation is the most important document for your Alabama LLC. Before you submit/file the document make sure to provide proper and correct information about your company. If you have any questions, share that below in the comment section.

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